The Difference Between Damask Rose and May Rose Essential Oil
What’s in a rose (name)? As it turns out, quite a bit! Many people are familiar with rose, both as a plant and as a scent. However, there are many different species, hybrids, and cultivars of rose (some of which do not have an aroma). Here’s a quick look at the differences and similarities between the two common types of rose essential oil: Damask rose and May rose.
Botanical Profile of Damask Rose
Damask rose (Rosa x damascena) is actually a rose hybrid derived from Gallic rose(Rosa gallica) and musk rose (Rosa moschata). Damask rose is a deciduous shrub with pinnate leaves and pink to light red fragrant flowers. It may flower from summer through Fall, depending upon the variety.
Damask rose is considered to be part of the old garden roses (pre-1867).
Damask Rose Essential oil
Damask rose essential oil is also called by the name rose otto but check that Damask rose is the only rose contributing to this type of rose oil, as sometimes various species of roses are merged into one oil and called rose otto, as well. Damask rose essential oil is extracted from the rose petals by steam distillation. A minute quantity is produced so it literally takes thousands of rose petals to produce the aromatic deep, sweet, floral oil. Consequently, damask rose essential oil is very expensive.
Botanical Profile of May Rose
May rose (Rosa x centifolia) is also a rose hybrid derived from one known contributor, Damask rose, and various other species that are not fully documented. May rose, or Mai de Rose, also goes by the synonyms cabbage rose, rose Maroc, and Provence rose. May rose produces round, scented flowers, with numerous overlapping petals. It is usually pink in color.
May rose is usually used to produce an extract, absolute, or concrete. Its aroma is often described by people like the aroma they remember from their childhood (indicating it is the more common garden rose). Note, however, that Damask rose also produces an absolute, so make sure you know which product (and species) you are purchasing.
Rose absolutes and concretes are generally used in natural perfumery whereas rose essential oil can be used in both natural perfumery and for therapeutic aromatherapy purposes. Absolutes and concretes use a solvent in the extraction process whereas essential oils are usually steam or water distilled.
Uses of Rose Essential Oil and Absolute
Rose essential oil is used in skin care, for stress, depression, insomnia, and for many women’s problems; the absolute is predominately used for scent purposes in natural perfumery.