Table of Contents
- 1 Impressive Benefits of Rosemary
- 1.1 Other Proven therapeutic INDICATIONS of Rosmarinus officinalis
- 1.1.1 History of the use of rosemary in herbal medicine
- 1.1.2 Botanical Description of Rosemary
- 1.1.3 Composition of Rosemary
- 1.1.4 Use and dosage of rosemary
- 1.1.5 Precautions for use of rosemary
Impressive Benefits of Rosemary
Scientific Name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Common names: Rosemary officinal, herb with crowns, grass with troubadours, incense, a tree of Mary, Rose of Sea, Rose of sailors, Roumaniou in Provençal
English Name: Rosemary
Botanical Classification: Family of Lamiaceae or liabées (Lamiaceae)
Forms and preparations: essential oils, Capsules, ointments, tinctures, herbal teas, decoctions, inhalation, poultices, baths
Medicinal properties of rosemary
Promotes digestion, regulates lipids, improves blood circulation: cholagogue (aid for the evacuation of bile), antispasmodic.
Diuretic: It reduces the risk of kidney stones or gout and prevents rheumatism.
Antistress, anti-fatigue: it prevents insomnia and helps to combat intellectual overwork.
Antioxidant effect: against cell aging.
Against skin conditions: infections, wounds, skin and genital cleansing.
Accelerates the hair growth.
Helps to control certain pathogens: antimycotic and antibacterial.
Usual Therapeutic Indications
The choline contains acts as a lipid regulator at the liver level and promotes digestion.
Rosemary diuretic properties facilitate renal activity and contribute to the prevention of rheumatism.
Rosmarinus officinalis antioxidant properties have a stimulating effect on brain activity and improve memory.
Other Proven therapeutic INDICATIONS of Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosmarinus officinalis is also suitable as a detiring, to stimulate people who suffer from asthenia while acting preventively against insomnia. It has antiseptic qualities that make it a good agent to clean the skin and sensitive areas or act directly on infected wounds. It can also be used for its antitussive power.
History of the use of rosemary in herbal medicine
The use of rosemary in perfumery dates back to the 14th century. We then lend to the water of Hungary, the first alcoholic fragrance that has been identified and made up mainly of rosemary, the powers of water of youth. In fact, the legend claims that Rosemary has allowed Elisabeth of Poland, cured of her paralysis and her arthritis problems, to become Queen of Hungary, seducing the king, despite her 72 years. However, he was given stimulating effects on brain activity in ancient Greece. It is for this reason that the Greek intellectuals their heads of crowns of Rosemary. Also used empirically, as a remedy for many ailments, the honey of Narbonne, derived from rosemary, found a place of choice in the marine Pharmacopoeia in the eighteenth century.
Closer to us in the nineteenth century, the Doctor and German Catholic priest Sebastian Kneipp, who actively contributed to the development of Phytotherapy, prescribing to the elderly, rosemary baths. They could thus fight against many conditions: general weakness, eye fatigue, hypotonia, hypotension, hypercholesterolemia, cirrhosis, physical and intellectual overwork, with loss of memory, heart problems of origin Nervous, syncope, rheumatism or paralysis.
Botanical Description of Rosemary
A rocky shrub in the wild, the rosemary, from the family Lamiaceae, can reach 2 m in height, in cultivation. It is recognized, easily, all year round, erected in the middle of the Mediterranean bushes: its evergreen leaves are wrapped on their edges. They are much longer than wide, with a dark green color, shining on their upper face and whitish tint on the underside. rosemary flowers, most often of a purplish blue hue (whites are rarer) are aggregate in short clusters from February to May. the calyx of rosemary has a fluffy appearance, the Corolla is bilabiate and has four stamens, two of which exceed the upper lip. The fruit of the rosemary, of globose form, is a brown tétrakène.
Composition of Rosemary
It is the leaves, the flowering tops, that we will have taken care to dry, or the essential oil that is used in herbal medicine.
Its essential oils contain the essences of camphor, cineole, Verbenone or Pinenes. it contains flavonoids (diosmin, luteolin), diterpenes, such as remedial and carnosolique acid, but also lipids (alkanes and alkenes). Steroids and triterpenes (aléanolique acid, ursotique acid) and phenolic acids (rosmarinic acid, chlorogenic acid) are also found. Phytoestrogens have similar effects to female hormones.
Use and dosage of rosemary
by internal means:
-In infusion, 2 g dried rosemary leaves in 150 ml of boiling water, for 10 min, at a rate of 2-3 cups per day.
- with the liquid extract, 2 ml, 3 times a day.
-In a tincture, 10 ml, 3 times a day.
-In essential oil, it is recommended to take 2 drops of rosemary to verbenone, on a piece of sugar, each morning. A 3-week cure is intended to stimulate liver and gallbladder activity. The essential oil from it to camphor is recommended to balance the neuromuscular system. Finally, the essential oil to Cineole has expectorant properties.
by external means:
it is then used for rheumatism and stimulation of peripheral blood circulation.
-To prepare the basic decoction, simmer 50 g of the plant in 1 liter of water, for 10 min, let cool and then filter the preparation.
-Hot or cold compresses, soaked in a solution of 6 to 10% of essential oil diluted in vegetable oil, can also be applied to the parts to be treated.
-To obtain an effective rub lotion, a few drops of essential oil can be mixed in 45% alcohol.
-a bath, for stimulating purposes, made from a liter of decoction or 10 drops of essential oil added to the water, will be rather recommended in the morning.
-Lotions, ointments, gels or ointments containing, in principle, 6 to 10% of essential oil of rosemary.
Precautions for use of rosemary
At the indicated doses, it is safe. However, it can be warned agaithe nst high-dose use of cineole essential oil of rosemary, which could have a neurotoxic or abortifacient effect.
Taken orally, it is contraindicated for children under the age of 12 and for people with gallstones or liver disease. Apart from cooking, it is also not recommended for pregnant or lactating women.
At normal doses, the only risks can be nausea. People working with it have been able to develop contact eczema. An important overdose can cause vomiting, convulsions, spasms, bleeding from the uterus, or even fatal coma.
INTERACTIONS with medicinal plants or supplements
No known interaction.
In theory, it can interact with diuretic drugs and iron supplements, but nothing has been observed in practice.
Professor Hostettmann, a well-known phytotherapist, points out that, in addition to its listed properties, it improves concentration. He illustrated his remarks in the book he published in 2013, all about anti-aging plants, indicating that the forehead and temples of children were rubbed during ancient Greece to make them more intelligent.
In the preparation of the decoctions, it is advisable to consult your doctor or pharmacist, to check the correct dosages and to ensure that the recommended doses are respected.
Research on Rosemary
If the use of Rosemary is based more on experience over the centuries, more recent studies focus on the benefit it could bring by its antioxidant effects, in the treatment of certain cancers.